Skills to Select and Manage a Computer Password

I: Password and Its Importance

What is a password? In the field of computer, especially network, a password can be said to be your key. Specifically, password is an easy way for computer to recognize you. In our daily life, we recognize a person by his or her appearance, sound and even handwriting, but for computer, it cannot see or hear us, at least most computers cannot do that so far, so is the password to help. In this way, a password is a secret only between you and the computer. The computer has known your username but it cannot be sure whether it is the real you or not. At this moment, you have to provide password to convince the computer of you. So if your password is known to others, this is like you giving your key and admission to others. If this occasion do happens, don’t worry, read on and you will be told how to deal with.

II: Inappropriate Password

I have no idea of what form your password is, but here are several types of common password inappropriate:

(1)    Use username as its password, for example, one’s user name is Asunsoft, and its password is Asunsoft as well.

(2)    Variants based on username, for example, one’s user name is Asunsoft, and its password may be Assoft, asft etc. or add some frequently used numbers or important date to it like Asunsoft2012, Asunsoft@2012 and so on.

(3)    Frequently used numbers like 0, 1, 123, 123456, 888, and 168 and so on.

(4)    Frequently used English words, especially those commonly used by computer and their simple changes such as abcdef.

(5)    Password indicates and specifies one’s personal information such as one’s birthday, name, spouse’s name or children’s name, telephone number, ID number or something like that.

(6)    New password desperately similar with the one you are going to be replaced.

Some people even set his or her computer brand or monitor brand as his password, which are applied largely and not safe at all. When we set a computer password, we should bypass them.

III: Bypass Password Dictionary

Password dictionary contains all possible passwords including your name, phone number and vocabularies in an English dictionary. If the password you set is included in password dictionary, it is just a matter of time for someone intended to crack. Generally, password dictionary consists of the following four categories:

(1)    Phone number. It can be your home phone, work phone, your mobile phone or pager.

(2)    Birthday. It is divided into 3 combinations: month-day, year-month and year-month-day, among which, year of birth can be two or four digits.

(3)    Name letters. It is divided into combinations according to the frequency of use like: consonant combination of name, Chinese surname or English name, Chinese name, Chinese surname adding combination of consonant of Chinese name, Chinese surname combined with English name.

(4)    English words and numbers. Password dictionary contains an English dictionary file English.txt which holds more than 50,000 words and another number dictionary containing frequently used numbers.

Password dictionary has set case format of entry and dictionary width. Commonly used username is generally 3 to 6 characters and commonly used password is 3 to 8 characters. Thus we can see that almost all inappropriate passwords we commonly used are contained in password dictionary. Besides, the capacity of password dictionary increases and the arithmetic speed of computer become quicker. So if your password is too simple one, it can be found out soon.

IV: Select Secure Password

Having known the above contents, don’t you think that there are still a lot to learn to select a password delicately? Then how can we find an appropriate password on earth?  Theoretically, the most secure one should be a combination of letters including capital and lowercase, numbers, punctuation marks and special characters randomly. In addition, a secure password shouldn’t contain information easily got by others nor too common words nor too short.

A good password should have features like the followings:

(1)    Contains 6 characters at least

(2)    Might as well contain non alphabetic characters like numbers and special characters, such as @, ~, *, &, # and so on.

(3)    Must be easy to remember without writing down.

(4)    Can be typed in quickly to avoid peepers identifying the characters without looking at the keyboard.

V: How to Manage Password

After you have picked an appropriate and secure password, you have to manage it well. Just as some people put their keys on the windowsill and granted that nobody else would know, but the truth is otherwise. And the best way to keep a password is to keep it in your mind instead of writing it down and keeping it in a specific location. But the paradox is that an appropriate and secure password to some degree is not that easy to remember merely by our memory. If we really cannot remember, we can write it down but should pay attention to the following points:

(1)    Never write username and its password together.

(2)    Change your password in certain manner easy for you to remember. You can add extra characters, change the order of characters or only write parts of your password down.

(3)    If you have to record the entire password, don’t put it in a conspicuous place especially in the monitor.

(4)    Fold up the piece of paper where you write down the password and put it in safe case or other secure places.

Conclusion: Reading here, I believe that you have a new understanding of how to select a password and how to manage your password. Sincerely hope this article can help solve your confusions. If you found your current password goes against some of the above rules, modify it now.

 

Related artiles:

Install Windows 8 on Acer laptop/desktop computer

“My older brother gave me an Acer V3-551G laptop installed with Linux, I am not used to the Linux OS, and so I want to clean install a Windows 8 on it. Can the Acer laptop run with Windows 8? What do I need to do on my Acer laptop before installing Windows 8? And what should be paid attention to during the installation?”

Have no idea to install Windows 8 on laptop or desktop computer? In this article will show you how to install Windows 8 with a USB or CD/DVD easily and efficiently.

1. Install Windows 8 on Acer with a USB flash drive

Step 1: Prepare a USB disk, get a Windows 8 ISO image file, and download a Windows 8 USB install tool.

Windows 8 USB install tool free download

Step 2: Install the Windows 8 installation tool on computer, insert a USB connect with it.

Install Finalbooster

Step 3: Click on “Browse” to select a Windows 8 ISO image file, and then click on “Burn to USB” button.

select a Windows 8 ISO image file and burn it to USB

Step 4: When the Windows 8 ISO image file is burned successfully to the USB, take the USB disk insert into your Acer laptop or computer.

Step 5: Restart/start Acer, and then set it to boot from the USB flash drive.

  • 5.1 When Acer laptop/desktop computer starts and the Acer logo flashes, press Boot Menu Key (F12) immediately until the Boot Menu screen comes up.
  • 5.2 On the Boot Menu screen, press UP/Down key to select the USB device, and then press Enter to boot computer.

Step 6: When the Windows 8 installation program comes up successfully on your Acer laptop, select the preferences, click on Next and then follow the instructions to finish the steps one by one.

2. Install Windows 8 on Acer laptop or desktop computer with a CD/DVD

The steps to install Windows 8 on Acer with a CD/DVD are the same with a USB.

(1) Prepare a CD/DVD, get a Windows 8 ISO image file, and download a Windows 8 install tool.

(2) Burn the Windows 8 ISO image file to the CD disk.

(3) Set Acer laptop/desktop computer to boot from the CD/DVD drive.

(4) Install Windows 8 following the installation directions.

Note:

Some Acer laptops do not support a CD drive, if so you can’t install a system with CD/DVD.

 

Related articles:

 

How to install or reinstall Windows 7 on HP laptop

It is well known that we can install or reinstall a Windows System on computer with a Windows DVD simply and easily. But if you do not have a Windows DVD, or the HP laptops do not support a DVD, what to do? Then, how to install or repair Windows 7 on the HP laptops?

If you meet with the problems, don’t be disappointed, you also can install or reinstall Windows 7 on HP laptop with a USB.

Here are the steps to install Windows 7 on HP laptop with a USB disk:

1. Get a Windows 7 ISO image file

2. Get a Windows 7 USB installer tool

3. Create a Windows 7 USB installer disc

4. Set HP laptop to boot from the USB disc

5. Install Windows 7 on HP laptop when the installation program set up

 

The details to install Windows 7 with a USB:

1. Get a Windows 7 ISO image file.

  • 1.1 You can download Windows 7 ISO image file from Microsoft office net, or ask your friends for a installation image file.

2. Download a Windows 7 USB install tool.

  • 2.1 You can download the Windows 7 USB install tool from Vodusoft.com.
  •  2.2 Install the USB tool-Finalbooster on the computer.

Install Finalbooster

3. Create a Windows 7 USB installer disc.

  • 3.1 Prepare a USB, and insert it into the computer.
  • 3.2 Run the USB tool-Finalbooster, click on “Browse” button, select a Windows 7 ISO image file.

select windows 7 iso file

  • 3.3 Click on the “Burn to USB” button to create a Windows 7 USB installer disc.

burn windows 7 iso file to usb

4. Set HP laptop to boot from the USB disc.

  • 4.1 Take the USB installer disc burned with the Windows 7 ISO image file, connect it with the HP laptop that you want to install Windows 7.
  • 4.2 Start or restart the HP laptop, press Boot Menu Key (F9) when the power on and the HP logo flash until the Boot Menu comes up.

Tips:

You also can press the BIOS Entry Key (F1 or F10) to get into the BIOS settings, and then set the HP laptop to boot from USB disc.

  • 4.3 When the Boot Menu comes up, use the Up/Down key to select the USB device (often showed with the USB name), and then click on Enter to save the change.

Set computer to boot from USB device

5. Install Windows 7 on HP laptop following with the installation program.

  •  5.1 When the Windows 7 installation program comes up successfully, select the preferences on the drop-down list, click on “Next”, and read about the instructions to follow the installation program to install Windows 7 on HP laptop.

install windows 7

Tips:

If you want to reinstall Windows 7 on your HP laptop, the steps are the same with the steps to install Windows 7, you can refer to the step above.

 

 

You may also like these articles:

 

 

How to Install or Repair Windows 7 with USB installer tool

Windows 7 USB installer tool can help to install or repair Windows 7 from a USB device efficiently. You can download a Windows 7 USB install tool for free, and just need to prepare a USB and a Windows 7 ISO file.

Windows 7 screen

Below this article will show you how to install Windows 7 with a USB:

Main steps to install Windows 7 with the Windows 7 USB install tool:

Detail steps to create Windows 7 installation USB disk and install Windows 7 with it:

step 1Download Windows 7 USB installation tool and install it on a computer.
step 2Create a Windows 7 USB installer disk.

  • 2.1 Click “Browse” button to select a Windows 7 ISO image file that can be download from the Microsoft Office site.

click on the browse button

  • 2.2 Select a Windows 7 ISO image file from the folder on computer you download.

select windows 7 iso file

  • 2.3 Connect a USB device with the computer, select the USB name on the drop-down list, and click on “Burn to USB” button to burn the Windows 7 ISO image file to USB flash drive.

burn windows 7 iso file to usb

Tips:

The Burning process will take a few minutes, please wait for it patiently until the message “Burning Successfully!”.

burn windows 7 iso file to usb successfully

Step 3Boot computer from the Windows 7 USB installer disk.

  • 3.1 Transfer the USB device connected with the computer that you plan to install Windows 7.
  • 3.2 Start/restart the computer, and press the key to get into BIOS Settings or Boot Menu.
  • 3.3 Set the computer to boot from the USB installation disk.

Tips:

If you get difficult in setting the computer to boot from the Windows 7 USB install disk, you can refer to the article: How to set Computer to boot from the USB drive.

Step 4Follow the directions on the program screen to install Windows 7.

  • 4.1 When the Windows 7 installation program sets up, it means the computer has been boot successfully from the Windows 7 installation USB disk.
  • 4.2 Select the language you like and choose the other preferences on the drop-down list, click “Next” to continue.

install windows 7

  • 4.3 Click on “Install Now” button begin to install Windows 7 if you are sure to install it on your computer.

Tips:

If you want to repair Windows 7 on computer with the USB install disk, you can click on Repair Windows 7 system.

 

People who read this article also like to read:

 

Windows 8 USB Install Tool

Windows 8 USB Install tool can help you to install Windows 8 from a USB flash drive easily and efficiently. If you want to install or reinstall (repair) Windows 8 on your computer, you just need to download a Windows 8 .ISO file, download Windows 8 USB Installer for free and prepare a USB flash drive.

Following this article will show you how to install Windows 8 with a USB flash drive.

Main steps to install Windows 8 with the Windows 8 USB install tool:

 

Detail steps to create Windows 8 install USB disk and use it to install Windows 8:
step 1 Get Windows 8 USB Installer that you can download for free and install it on a computer.

step 2Create Windows 8 installation USB disk.

  • 2.1 Click “Browse” button to select a Windows 8 ISO image file that you can download from Microsoft Office site.

click on the browse button

  • 2.2 Select Windows 8 installation image ISO file.

select the windows 8 installation image file

  • 2.3 Insert a USB into the computer, and select the USB on the drop-down list, and then click on “Burn to USB” button to burn the ISO image file to USB flash drive.

burn to usb on finalbooster

Tips: It will take a few minutes to burn the ISO image file to a USB flash drive, please wait for the process patiently until you get the message “Burning Successfully!”.

burning successfully on finalbooster
Step 3Set the computer to boot form the Windows 8 install USB disk.

  • 3.1 Connect the USB disk with the computer where you want to install/repair Windows 8.
  • 3.2 Restart the computer to get into the BIOS Settings or Boot Menu to set computer boot from the USB flash drive.

Tips: If you have difficult to set the computer boot from the Windows 8 install USB disk, you can refer to the article: How to set Computer to boot from USB flash drive.
Step 4Install Windows 8 following the direction on installation screen.

  • 4.1 When the Windows 8 installation screen comes up, it means you have set your computer to boot successfully from the Windows 8 install USB disk.
  • 4.2 Select the language and other preferences on the drop-down list, and then click “Next” to continue.

install windows 8 following the direction

  • 4.3 If you are sure to install Windows 8 on your computer, click on the “Install Now” button to start the installation.

 

Relate articles: